The aim of this article is to draw attention to the work of a conflict analyst whose theory of ‘protracted social conflict’ – developed in a sustained. A Theory of Protracted Social Conflict. Edward E Azar, one of the forefathers of the conflict resolution field was the first to the describe violent events in the. 2 See Edward E. Azar, The Management of Protracted Social Conflict. Theory Theory of Protracted Social Conflict and the Challenge of Transforming Conflict.

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Azar states that protracted social conflicts can be characterized by “incompetent, parochial, fragile, and authoritarian governments that fail to satisfy basic human needs. Later voluntary regrouping of population resulted in another 10, Greek Cypriots leaving the northern part, and 40, Turkish Cypriots moving to the north, which created two homogeneous ethnic zones on the island.

Use the lead layout guide to ensure the section follows Wikipedia’s norms and to be inclusive of all essential details. wocial

JavaScript is disabled for your browser. This involves the “political—economic relations of economic dependency within the international economic system, and the network of political-military linkages constituting regional and global patterns of clientage and cross-border interest.

Protracted social conflict

The major conflict began with the independence inwhen Greek community wanted a union enosis with Greece, to which the Turkish community opposed. Journal condlict Conflict Resolution 49 6— Some features of this site may not fdward without it.

The incidents escalated into a war in Julyafter the island-wide pogrom against Tamils. Numerous peace proposals and plans have been made, but more or less unsuccessful. The dominant group isolates itself from the needs of other groups, leading to an even bigger separation between groups even within an ethnicity. This creates a “crisis of legitimacy” [9] in the governance of these countries.

Azar argued that the denial of basic human needs to a large portion of the population initiated instances of protracted social violence. Abstract The complexity of the conflict in Rwanda has called for the application of various theories, suggestions and recommendations to the situation by various scholars and researchers in an attempt for conflict resolution.


The communal groups may experience deep-seated cleavages based upon racial, religious, cultural or ethnic lines. Conflict process Dispute resolution Sectarian violence. The pre proposals of different federal or centralist arrangements failed as one or the other side rejected them. Journal of Peace Research 38 3— The division in changed the demographics of Cyprus dramatically, putting it in a position where federalist model would be the most appropriate.

Therefore, this research work is a potential significant contribution to the building azae meaningful and sustainable peace in Rwanda.

The war, that protractde continued since then, has almost completely disrupted civil administration in the northern province and caused economic devastation of the whole country.

When Greek Cypriots wanted to reduce autonomy and representation of Turkish Cypriots, the latter opposed it and intercommunal violence broke out. Their tactics, proscribed as terrorist by many countries, are ruthless, brutal and highly efficient in eliminating their opposition.

Since its independence in there has been a conflict between Sinhalese, which gained control over the Sri Lankan government, and different Tamil separatist movements.

The relevance of Edward Azar’s theory of protracted social conflict in the context of Rwanda

September Learn how and when to remove this template message. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It generally refers to conflicts described by other researchers as protracted or intractablei. Retrieved from ” https: At this point, actors begin to see where their identities converge, and where they diverge. With government being “endowed with the authority to govern and use force where necessary to regulate society, to protect citizens, and to provide collective goods,” [8] the government plays a leading role in the satisfaction or lack of satisfaction of minority and identity groups.

The third stage is termed “inventing” and focuses on the “how” of “cooperatively resolving the conflict and its core through integrative solutions.

This page was last edited on 23 Septemberat It attempts to break down “the barrier of identity through a four-phased process. This first step focuses on the tangible “what of the conflict.

Protracted social conflict – Wikipedia

Protracted social conflict is a theory developed by Edward Azar. The lead section of this article may need to be rewritten. The structure of the government needs to be changed so that all citizens are equally cared for and equally represented without bias or corruption.


Therefore, to be effective, a conflict resolution framework must specifically emphasize the wzar and identities of the conflicting parties. The needs of the various parties are, in turn, the underlying causes of the conflict.

All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from April Articles with permanently dead external links Wikipedia introduction cleanup from September All pages needing cleanup Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from September All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify. The resultant disconnection of society and the state can be linked to the colonial legacy, which, “artificially imposed European ideas of territorial statehood onto a multitude of communal groups.

Such identity-driven rifts are the result of an underlying fear of extinction that often grows within vulnerable ethnic groups who live with the memories or fear of persecution and massacre. From the research made, it has been found that Rwanda offers ample evidence to be referred to as a protracted social conflict. To overcome the dominance of the international economy, the country in question must work to build institutions that can ease global dependency and stimulate domestic economic growth.

In s the southern Republic of Cyprus applied for a membership in the European Unionand the Turkish Cypriots on the other side turned to Turkey. This element, which contributes to the initial creation of protracted social conflict, consists of the fact that people involved in protracted social conflicts create their own identity groups.

This results in the domination of certain identity groups over others. These cleavages are characterized by continuing hostility with sporadic outbreaks of violence; and caused by the frustration of human needs for security, recognition, and distributive justice. This precondition also involves the reliance that many people have on their social groups; because governments in areas that experience protracted social conflict are often unable, incapable or unwilling to provide basic human necessities to the population, individuals turn to their social groups for stability.

Since the start of war there were some attempts to reach a ceasefire.