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Wikimedia Commons has media related to Zbruch Idol. Ever since the discovery of the monument there has been debate about what exactly the idol represents.

Polish Academy of Sciencesed. It is possible that during the excavation of the monument its lower layer was broken off and lost.

The statue was discovered in August in the village of Lychkivtsi Liczkowce in Podolia then in the Austrian Empire[3] now in Ukraineduring a drought that made the bottom of the river visible. In the 19th century, 00 the Zbruch River a left tributary of the Dniester changed its bed, the area where the pillar was buried became submerged. This page was last edited on 9 Decemberat According to Aleksey Brszura and Natalia Khamaikothe sculpture is a fake produced by Tymon Zaborowskiwhose estate was located near the place where the statue was found.


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By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The pillar was commonly incorrectly associated with the Slavic deity Svetovidalthough current opinions on the exact meaning of all the bas-reliefs and their symbols differ. Views Read Edit View history. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Slavic mythology Slavic paganism Archaeological sites in Poland Archaeological sites in Ukraine 9th-century artifacts Archaeological discoveries in Ukraine archaeological discoveries 9th century in religion 9th-century sculptures. Slavic Gods and Heroes.

The Zbruch Idol is a four-sided pillar of grey limestone2.

It is thought that the three tiers of bas-relief represent the three levels of the world, from the bottom underworld, to the middle mortal world and 213 uppermost, largest, world of heavenly gods. Rybakov also claimed the side with the female figure holding a horn as the front of the idol, based on the bottom-tier figure, which is 201 with legs as if seen from head-on, the two adjoining sides showing the legs from the side, and the fourth side left blank.

Further, Rybakov suggests the underworld deity as Veles. However, it was not until that it was placed on permanent exhibition. Retrieved from ” https: Boris Rybakov in his work Paganism of Ancient Rus Russian tribes [9] argued that four sides of the top tier represent four brszura Slavic gods, two female and two male, with their corresponding middle-tier entities always of the opposite gender.


Zbruch Idol

Finally, Rybakov believes that the idol’s overall phallic shape is meant to unite all of the smaller figures as a single overarching all broxzura larger deity, Rod. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

Adam Mickiewicz Universityed. Andrei Sergeevich Famintsyn in his work “Ancient Slav Deities” [6] argued against Lelewel’s theory, and instead claimed that the Zbruch pillar is a representation of a single deity and that all four sides of each tier represented one entity.

Famintsyn was pkt the first to recognize the three-tiered structure as being related to the three levels of the world, linking it to the Slavic briszura Triglav.

It is suggested that the sculpture was disposed of or was buried in a pit some time after the baptism of Kievan Rusand acceptance of Christianity in Poland inlike various buried idols in Kiev and Novgorod. Museum’s Website in Polish.